Wednesday, June 12, 2024

Guide to Filing Your Income Tax Return (ITR) for 2024

Filing your Income Tax Return (ITR) accurately and on time is crucial to avoid penalties and ensure a smooth process. Here's a detailed guide to help you navigate through the steps and avoid common pitfalls.

Don’t Rush to File Your ITR

Important Saying: "Don’t rush to file your ITR; patience can prevent serious consequences."

1. Wait Until AIS is Fully Updated

The Annual Information Statement (AIS) on the Income Tax Portal might not be fully updated. It's advisable to wait until 15th June for all information to be reflected accurately. Filing your ITR early, before AIS is fully updated, might lead to discrepancies and result in receiving an Income Tax Notice.

Example: If you file your ITR on 12th June and later discover updates in your AIS on 25th June, you might receive a notice asking for explanations regarding the discrepancies.

2. Remember Due Dates

Timely filing of ITR is essential to avoid penalties and interest. Here are the key due dates:

  • 31st July 2024: For individuals and entities not liable for tax audit.
  • 31st October 2024: For persons liable for tax audit.
  • Important Note: For non-cash transactions up to Rs 10 crores, the due date remains 31st July 2024.

Penalties: A penalty under section 234F and interest at 1% per month will be applied for late filing.

Example: If you are not liable for a tax audit and you file your return on 1st August 2024, you will incur penalties and interest charges.

3. Verify Profile Information

Ensure that your profile information on the Income Tax Portal is up to date. This includes your communication address and registered email ID. Providing accurate bank details is also crucial for a speedy refund process. Make sure to update:

  • Bank name
  • Account number
  • IFSC code
  • Account type (savings or current)
  • Joint or primary account status

Example: Ensure your bank account number and IFSC code are correct to avoid delays in receiving your tax refund.

4. Choose the Correct ITR Form

Select the appropriate ITR form based on your income and category. The forms range from ITR 1 to ITR 7, each catering to different types of income and taxpayers.

Example: A salaried individual with no other income should choose ITR 1.

5. Old vs New Tax Regime

Decide whether to opt for the old tax regime or the new tax regime. The default scheme is the New Tax Regime. If you prefer the old regime, you must fill out Form 10IEA.

Example: If you have deductions and exemptions that provide more benefits under the old regime, opt for it and submit Form 10IEA.

6. Analyze 26AS Statement

Review your 26AS statement to check for:

  • Tax credits (TDS/TCS)
  • Refunds received during the year
  • TDS defaults

Example: Ensure that all TDS deducted by your employer is reflected accurately in your 26AS statement.

7. Analyze AIS Statement

Your AIS provides additional details such as:

  • Tax payments (advance tax and self-assessment details)
  • SFT transactions (e.g., sale and purchase of immovable properties, mutual fund transactions)
  • Demands and refunds

Example: Ensure that all your mutual fund transactions and property sales are accurately reflected in your AIS.

8. Check All Documents Before Filing

Before filing your ITR, match your Form 26AS and AIS with your taxable income and supporting documents. This helps to ensure that there are no discrepancies.

Example: Verify your salary slips and bank statements to match the entries in Form 26AS and AIS.

9. Verify ITR Within 30 Days

After filing your ITR, it is crucial to verify it within 30 days to avoid it being considered an invalid return. There are multiple ways to e-verify your ITR:

  • Aadhar OTP
  • Net Banking
  • Bank Account
  • Demat Account
  • Digital Signature Certificate (DSC)
  • Physical ITRV (signed in blue ink and sent to CPC)

Example: Use Aadhar OTP to e-verify immediately after filing your ITR online.


Filing your ITR correctly and on time requires careful preparation. Waiting for AIS updates, adhering to due dates, verifying your profile information, and choosing the correct tax regime are crucial steps. Thoroughly analyze your 26AS and AIS statements, ensure all documents match, and verify your return promptly to avoid penalties and complications.

By following these guidelines, you can ensure a smooth and accurate filing process for your Income Tax Return for 2024.