Tuesday, July 9, 2024

Guide to Reporting F&O Income in ITR 3 for AY 2024-25


Filing your Income Tax Return (ITR) can be daunting, especially when dealing with income from Futures and Options (F&O) trading. This comprehensive guide will walk you through the process of reporting F&O income in ITR 3 for the Financial Year 2023-24 (Assessment Year 2024-25), addressing every possible scenario, providing solutions, and offering tips for tax savings.

Understanding Different Types of Income

Futures and Options (F&O): These are derivatives trading in the stock market. The income from F&O trading is considered as "Profits and Gains of Business or Profession."

Intraday Trading: Buying and selling stocks on the same day. The income from intraday trading is treated as speculative business income.

Short-Term Capital Gain (STCG): Profit from selling equity shares or equity-oriented mutual funds held for less than 12 months. Taxed at 15%.

Long-Term Capital Gain (LTCG): Profit from selling equity shares or equity-oriented mutual funds held for more than 12 months. Taxed at 10% for gains exceeding Rs. 1 lakh.

Example Scenario

Mr. Rohan is a salaried employee who also trades in F&O and intraday trading. Here are his income details:

  • Salary: Rs. 6,00,000
  • Bank Interest: Rs. 30,000
  • Short-Term Capital Gain: Rs. 90,000
  • Long-Term Capital Gain: Rs. 2,00,000
  • Intraday Trading:
    • Gross Profit/Loss: Rs. 50,000
    • Expenditure Incurred: Rs. 5,000
    • Net Profit: Rs. 45,000
  • F&O Trading:
    • Gross Profit/Loss: Rs. -1,20,000
    • Expenditure Incurred: Rs. 15,000
    • Net Loss: Rs. -1,35,000

Step-by-Step Procedure to File ITR 3

1Login to Income Tax PortalVisit the Income Tax Portal. Login using your credentials. If you don’t have an account, register first. Go to e-file > Income Tax Return > File Income Tax Return. Select the Assessment Year (AY) 2024-25 > Online mode. Start New Filing > Individual > Select ITR Form > ITR 3.
2Fill in General Information and Audit DetailsComplete Part A – General Information with your name, address, PAN, date of birth, and contact information. Answer questions related to the maintenance of accounts and audit requirements. As per Section 44AA, maintain books of accounts if your turnover exceeds Rs. 10 lakh in any of the three immediately preceding years. Select "No" for audit under Section 44AB if your turnover is less than Rs. 1 crore.
3Enter F&O Business DetailsSelect code 13018 – other financial intermediation services. Enter your name and describe the business as “Future & Options.”
4Prepare Computation SheetCalculate your total turnover and net profit/loss from F&O. See detailed computation example below.
5Enter Details in ITR FormIn Schedule PL – Part A – P&L Account, enter F&O details under Sl. No. 46 and intraday details under Sl. 65. In Schedule BS (Balance Sheet), prepare and enter your Capital Account details under Source of Funds > Proprietor’s Fund and Application of Funds > Current Asset > Balance at Bank.
6Confirm Other SchedulesCheck Schedule CYLA (Current Year Loss Adjustment), BFLA (Brought Forward Loss Adjustment), CFL (Carry Forward Losses), and Schedule Special Income for automatic calculations of set-off and carry forward losses.
7Report Other IncomeEnter salary, capital gains, and interest income in their respective schedules.
8Preview and SubmitReview all the details carefully. Preview the filled form and submit it on the portal.

Detailed Computation Example

ParticularsTurnoverGross Profit/LossExpenditure IncurredNet Profit/Loss
IntradayRs. 3,00,000Rs. 50,000Rs. 5,000Rs. 45,000
FutureRs. 1,50,000Rs. -1,20,000Rs. 15,000Rs. -1,35,000
OptionsRs. 4,00,000Rs. 20,000Rs. 10,000Rs. 10,000
TotalRs. 8,50,000Rs. -50,000Rs. 30,000Rs. -80,000

Difference in Terms

Income TypeDescriptionTax TreatmentCarry Forward & Set Off
Intraday TradingBuying and selling stocks on the same day.Treated as speculative business income.Speculative losses can be carried forward for 4 years and set off only against speculative income.
Futures and Options (F&O)Trading in derivatives.Treated as non-speculative business income.Non-speculative losses can be carried forward for 8 years and set off against any business income.
Short-Term Capital GainProfit from selling equity shares or equity-oriented mutual funds held for less than 12 months.Taxed at 15%.Can be set off against short-term and long-term capital losses.
Long-Term Capital GainProfit from selling equity shares or equity-oriented mutual funds held for more than 12 months.Taxed at 10% for gains exceeding Rs. 1 lakh.Can be set off against long-term capital losses only.

Key Points to Remember

Current Year Loss AdjustmentLosses from F&O trading can be set off against capital gains, interest income, and other sources of income except salary.
Speculative LossesLosses from intraday transactions are termed speculative losses. These losses can be carried forward for up to four consecutive financial years. They can only be set off against speculative business income earned during that period.
Accrual/Receipt of Capital GainIt is important to report taxable capital gains in Schedule Capital Gain for advance tax calculation.
Carry Forward Intraday LossesIntraday losses will be reflected in Schedule CFL (Carry Forward Losses).

Tips for Tax Savings

  1. Maintain Records: Keep detailed records of all your transactions, including buy/sell dates, prices, and volumes. This will help in accurate calculation and reporting.
  2. Use Software Tools: Consider using accounting software or tools to track your trading activities. This can simplify the process of preparing your computation sheet and balance sheet.
  3. Consult a Tax Expert: If you are unsure, consulting a tax professional can help avoid mistakes and ensure compliance with all tax regulations.


By following these detailed steps and keeping in mind the tips and points mentioned, you can accurately report your F&O income in ITR 3 for AY 2024-25, ensuring compliance with tax laws and potentially saving on taxes. This comprehensive guide should serve as your go-to resource for all aspects of filing ITR 3 with F&O income.