Thursday, June 13, 2024

Clarifying Tax Treatment of TCS in Scrap Sales: Insights from ITAT Decision


The Income Tax Appellate Tribunal (ITAT) Amritsar recently adjudicated a case involving Tax Collected at Source (TCS) on sales of scrap by Aay Kay Manufacturing Co. The pivotal issue revolved around whether the TCS amount, though collected from buyers, constitutes income tax of the buyers or a liability of the assessee.

Key Facts and Background

  • The auditor's Tax Audit Report (TAR) highlighted that Aay Kay Manufacturing Co. had collected TCS on sales of scrap but had not remitted it to the Government by the due date.
  • The Central Processing Centre (CPC) made an addition to the assessee's income under Section 43B of the Income Tax Act, 1961, for non-compliance.
  • The first appellate authority upheld the CPC's decision, leading to an appeal to the ITAT.

Arguments Before the ITAT

  • Nature of TCS: The assessee contended that TCS collected on scrap sales represents income tax of the buyers, held temporarily by the seller, and is not a deductible expense in the profit and loss account.
  • Legal Provisions: Section 206C(1) mandates sellers to collect TCS at specified rates from buyers, treating it as income tax. Subsequent sections outline the consequences of non-compliance, including deemed default and asset charge.
  • Audited Financials: The audited balance sheet of Aay Kay Manufacturing Co. for the relevant year duly reflected the TCS amount as a liability, not as an expense debited to the profit and loss account.

Decision and Rationale

  • ITAT's Finding: The ITAT observed that TCS collected by the assessee is akin to income tax of the buyers, held in trust for the Government until remittance.
  • Non-Deductibility: Since the TCS amount is not a sum payable by the assessee but a liability to be transferred to the Government, it cannot be debited in the profit and loss account for deduction purposes.
  • Legal Precedents: Citing relevant case law and provisions from Section 206C, the ITAT concluded that the addition under Section 43B was unwarranted as the TCS liability was appropriately recorded in the balance sheet.

Case Law and Legislative References

  • CIT v. Everest Litho Press: Provides precedent on the treatment of tax liabilities and deductions under Section 43B.
  • Section 206C of the Income Tax Act, 1961: Outlines the obligations of sellers regarding TCS collection and remittance.

At a Glance

TCS on Scrap SalesIncome Tax CollectionNot deductible under Section 43B
Compliance RequirementLegal ObligationLiability reflected in balance sheet
Judicial InterpretationITAT DecisionTCS amount considered as buyer's income tax


The ITAT's decision in Aay Kay Manufacturing Co. clarifies that TCS collected by sellers on behalf of buyers constitutes income tax, not an allowable deduction under Section 43B. This ruling underscores the importance of accurate financial reporting and compliance with statutory obligations in tax matters, ensuring alignment with judicial interpretations and legislative intent.