Wednesday, January 17, 2024

Section 43B Amendments for MSMEs and Buyers for Fin Year 2023-24 AY 2024-25


In the intricate world of income tax regulations, the recent amendment to Section 43B in the Union Budget 2023 has significant implications for Micro and Small Enterprises (MSMEs). This comprehensive guide aims to delve into the intricacies of the amendment, shedding light on its effects on both MSME suppliers and buyers.

Decoding Section 43B Amendment:

Amendment Overview:

The addition of Clause "h" to Section 43B extends its applicability to any sum payable to an MSME beyond the time limits specified in Section 15 of the MSMED Act, 2006.

Defining Micro and Small Enterprises:

Enterprise TypeTurnover CriteriaInvestment Criteria
Micro≤ 5 Crores≤ 1 Crore
Small≤ 50 Crores≤ 10 Crores

Payment Time Limits per MSMED Act, 2006:

Clear guidelines ensure timely payments to MSMEs for goods or services. Let's explore the impacts on both MSME suppliers and buyers.

Impacts on MSMEs:

Positive Impacts:

  1. Timely Payments:
    • Encourages financial stability for MSMEs.
  2. Enhanced Credibility:
    • Strengthens their financial position.

Challenges and Recommendations:

  • Delayed Payments:
    • May impact financial health.
  • Recommendation:
    • Proactive communication, seeking timely payments, and using legal provisions for delays.

Precautionary Steps:

  1. Supplier Classification:
    • Clearly communicate MSME status.
  2. Invoice Documentation:
    • Ensure detailed invoices.
  3. Contractual Agreements:
    • Establish written payment terms.

Buyers’ Perspective: Adapting to Section 43B with Financial Savvy


Buyers of goods or services must reassess their payment practices to MSMEs in light of the Section 43B amendment. Adapting to the new rules ensures compliance and fosters positive relationships with MSME suppliers.

Adapting to Section 43B:

  • Understanding the Amendment:

    • Recognizing the emphasis on timely payments to MSMEs.
  • Payment Time Limits and Accountability:

    • Clear guidelines for payment timeframes, ensuring transparent buyer accountability.
  • Proactive Financial Planning:

    • Reassessing financial strategies to ensure timely payments to MSMEs.

Implications for Buyers:

Positive Impacts:

  1. Enhanced Supplier Relations:
    • Timely payments foster trust with MSME suppliers.
  2. Compliance and Tax Efficiency:
    • Adhering to Section 43B ensures optimal tax efficiency.

Challenges and Recommendations:

  • Financial Planning:
    • Incorporate MSME payment timelines into financial planning.
  • Communication:
    • Open dialogue with MSME suppliers for mutually beneficial agreements.

Precautionary Steps:

  1. Supplier Verification:
    • Verify MSME status through official declarations.
  2. Payment Transparency:
    • Clearly communicate and document payment timelines.
  3. Legal Consultation:
    • Seek legal advice for aligned contractual agreements.

Examples for Disallowances:

ScenarioInvoice DateDue DateActual PaymentImpact
Timely Payment01/03/202415/03/202410/03/2024No impact, deduction allowed in the year of accrual.
Delayed Payment01/03/202415/03/202420/04/2024Deduction allowed in the year of payment, not accrual.
Objection Raised & Resolved01/03/202415/03/202418/04/2024Date of acceptance is 18/04/2024; deduction allowed in the year of acceptance.


The Section 43B amendment acts as a pivotal point for both MSME suppliers and buyers. While MSMEs can capitalize on enhanced financial stability, buyers must adapt their practices to align with the new regulations. Clear communication, proactive financial planning, and adherence to payment timelines, along with precautionary steps, will contribute to a harmonious business ecosystem for both parties.