Monday, May 27, 2024

Corporate Compliance: A Guide to Key Provisions under The Companies Act, 2013

Laws are the silent sentinels of order in society."

In the dynamic realm of corporate governance in India, The Companies Act, 2013 stands as a beacon, delineating the regulatory framework that companies must adhere to. From fledgling startups to established conglomerates, comprehending and complying with the stipulations of this seminal legislation is essential to ensure legal adherence and foster transparency and integrity within corporate structures.

The Pillars of Compliance: Key Provisions

ProvisionApplicable toExemptions
CARO (Companies (Auditor’s Report) Order)- Every Company, including a Foreign Company- Mandates specific matters in the Auditor's Report for enhanced transparency and accountability- Banking Company- Insurance Company- Section 8 Company- One Person Company- Small Company (Paid-up capital ≤ Rs. 4 Cr. and turnover ≤ Rs. 40 Cr.)- Private Limited Company (not a subsidiary/holding of a public company, paid-up capital and reserves & surplus ≤ Rs. 1 Cr., total borrowings ≤ Rs. 1 Cr., total revenue ≤ Rs. 10 Cr.)
Internal Financial Control (IFC)- All Companies- Requires evaluation and reporting on the adequacy and effectiveness of internal financial controls- Small Company- One Person Company- Private Company with turnover < Rs. 50 Cr. and borrowings < Rs. 25 Cr.
IND AS (Indian Accounting Standards)- Every Listed Company or in the process of being Listed- Every Company with Net Worth ≥ Rs. 250 Cr.- Banking/Insurance Company with Net Worth ≥ Rs. 500 Cr.- NBFC with Net Worth ≥ Rs. 250 Cr.- Companies voluntarily opting for IND AS- None
Internal Audit- All Listed Companies- Unlisted Public Companies with: Annual turnover ≥ Rs. 200 Cr., or Paid-up capital ≥ Rs. 50 Cr., or Outstanding deposit ≥ Rs. 25 Cr., or Loan from banks/financial institutions ≥ Rs. 100 Cr.- Private Companies with: Annual turnover ≥ Rs. 200 Cr., or Loan from banks/financial institutions ≥ Rs. 100 Cr.- None
Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)- Every company, including holding, subsidiary, and foreign companies, with: Net Worth > Rs. 500 Cr., or Turnover > Rs. 1000 Cr., or Net Profit > Rs. 5 Cr.- None
XBRL Filing- All Listed Companies- Companies with Paid-Up Share Capital ≥ Rs. 5 Cr.- Companies with Turnover ≥ Rs. 100 Cr.- Companies required to prepare financial statements as per IND AS- None

Guiding Companies Towards Compliance

  1. Stay Informed: Stay abreast of amendments and revisions to the Companies Act, 2013, ensuring ongoing compliance.

  2. Maintain Accurate Records: Precise record-keeping supports compliance efforts and facilitates effective audits.

  3. Conduct Regular Reviews: Periodic internal audits verify compliance and identify potential gaps.

  4. Provide Training and Awareness: Educate staff and management on compliance requirements and best practices.

  5. Seek Expert Guidance: Consult legal and financial experts to navigate complex compliance issues and implement robust frameworks.


Compliance with the Companies Act, 2013 is not just a legal obligation; it's a cornerstone of corporate governance and integrity. By understanding and adhering to its provisions diligently, companies can navigate the regulatory landscape effectively, fostering trust among stakeholders and contributing to a robust and transparent business environment.