Wednesday, May 29, 2024

Compliances for One Person Companies (OPCs) in India

In the vibrant canvas of Indian entrepreneurship, the canvas offers an array of hues, from Private Companies to Public Companies, and the distinctive entity of One Person Companies (OPCs). While the former two have clear-cut structures for conducting Annual General Meetings (AGMs), OPCs, with their singular membership, present unique challenges. This article delves into the intricacies of AGMs for OPCs under the purview of the Companies Act, 2013, elucidating common queries and emphasizing critical considerations.

Key Points for OPC AGMs under the Companies Act, 2013
AGM Overview
AGMs serve as pivotal junctions for company members to convene, deliberate, and make collective decisions. However, the solitary nature of OPCs prompts questions about the necessity of such gatherings.

1. Exemption from AGMs    OPCs enjoy exemption from the obligation to convene AGMs, given their singular membership structure. Nevertheless, certain statutory duties, notably appointing auditors, remain obligatory. 

2. Auditor Appointment Despite dispensing with AGMs, OPCs must appoint auditors at their inception. The determination of the deemed date of AGM or Board meeting becomes pivotal for this appointment.

3. Filing Financial Statements OPCs are mandated to file financial statements within 180 days from the financial year's conclusion. While not mandatory, it's prudent to ratify these statements before 27th September each year.


In the dynamic realm of Indian corporate governance, OPCs, despite their singular membership, are tethered to statutory obligations like appointing auditors and filing financial statements. While AGMs are not obligatory for OPCs, a nuanced understanding of the deemed date of AGM or Board meeting is imperative for compliance and seamless business operations. Adherence to these regulations not only ensures legal compliance but also underpins the credibility and stability of the business ecosystem.