Wednesday, May 15, 2024

Guide to Choosing Between New and Old Tax Regimes in India


The Government of India introduced a new optional tax rate regime under Section 115BAC starting from FY 2020-21 for individuals and HUFs. This regime offers lower tax rates but fewer exemptions and deductions. Following the Union Budget 2023, the new tax regime has become the default, requiring taxpayers to actively choose the old regime if they prefer it.


  • Overview of the New Tax Regime
  • Overview of the Old Tax Regime
  • Detailed Comparison of Tax Regimes
  • Flexibility in Regime Selection
  • Decision Guide: Choosing Between Old and New Tax Regimes

1. Overview of the New Tax Regime:

Introduced to simplify the tax filing process, the new tax regime offers reduced tax rates but limits the exemptions and deductions you can claim.

Tax Rates and Slabs under the New Regime:

Income Range (Rs.)Tax RateTax Payable (Cumulative)
Up to 2,50,000NilRs. 0
2,50,001 - 5,00,0005%Rs. 12,500
5,00,001 - 7,50,00010%Rs. 37,500
7,50,001 - 10,00,00015%Rs. 75,000
10,00,001 - 12,50,00020%Rs. 1,25,000
Above 12,50,00030%Calculated based on actual income

2. Overview of the Old Tax Regime:

The old tax regime allows for numerous deductions and exemptions, potentially reducing taxable income significantly for those with high deductible expenses.

Tax Slabs under the Old Regime:

Age GroupIncome Range (Rs.)Tax Rate
Individuals < 60 yearsUp to 2,50,000Nil
2,50,001 - 5,00,0005%
5,00,001 - 10,00,00020%
Above 10,00,00030%
Senior Citizens (60-79 years)Up to 3,00,000Nil
Super Senior Citizens (80+ years)Up to 5,00,000Nil

3. Detailed Comparison of Tax Regimes:

The choice between the new and old tax regimes depends on personal circumstances, including deductions, exemptions, and income level.

Key Differences at a Glance:

FeatureNew RegimeOld Regime
Tax RatesGenerally lowerHigher but offset by deductions
Deductions/ExemptionsLimited to few like standard deductionExtensive, including HRA, 80C, medical, etc.
FlexibilityHigh for salaried; low for business incomeLimited, once selected must be maintained
SuitabilityBeneficial for those with minimal deductionsFavorable for those with significant deductions

4. Flexibility in Choosing Regimes:

  • Salaried Individuals: Can switch between the new and old regimes annually during tax filing.
  • Business Income Earners: Choices are more restricted; once a regime is chosen, it usually binds for future years unless changed.

5. Decision Guide: Choosing Between Old and New Tax Regimes:

  • Analyze Deductions and Exemptions: Calculate potential savings from available deductions under the old regime versus the new.
  • Income Assessment: Higher income earners without significant deductions may benefit from the new regime's lower rates.
  • Future Financial Goals: Consider future income changes or planned deductions, such as home loans or educational expenses, which might influence regime choice.


Selecting the right tax regime is crucial for optimizing your tax liabilities based on personal financial circumstances. If your deductions are minimal or non-existent, the new tax regime may offer a simpler and potentially lower tax obligation. Conversely, if you can claim substantial deductions, the old regime could provide significant tax savings.